One of the world’s three largest tombs
Japan’s largest front-rear burial mound with a total length of about 486 m, a rear circle diameter of about 249 m, a height of about 35.8 m, a front width of about 307 m, and a height of about 33.9 m.
It is one of the three major tombs in the world along with the Khufu Pyramid and the Qin Shi Huang Mausoleum, and is estimated to have been built in the middle of the 5th century over about 20 years.
The Hundred Tongue Birds and Furuichi Ancient Tombs, including the Nintoku Emperor’s Tomb, were registered as a UNESCO World Cultural Heritage Site in 2019.
The “Engi-shiki” named this burial mound “Hyakutobori Mimihara Nakaryo” (Mizusami Hara no Naka no Misasagi), and is currently settled and managed by the Imperial Household Agency as the tomb of the 16th Emperor Nintoku.
The burial mound is built in three steps, and there are constructions on the left and right constrictions, and a triple moat surrounds it, but the current Sotobori was re-drilled in the Meiji era.
In 1872, a long-lasting sarcophagus housed in a pit-type stone chamber was exposed in the front part, and swords, armor, glass jars and plates were excavated.
In addition, the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston in the United States holds a fine-lined zodiac mirror and a single phoenix ring-headed sword, which are said to have been excavated from the tumulus. More than 10 small burial mounds have been confirmed.
There is a 2.8km roundabout, and it takes an hour to go around.
Due to the total length of about 486m, it is difficult to see the whole picture locally, but you can see the whole from the overpass on the south side of Nagayama Kofun, the overpass at JR Mozu Station, and the observation lobby of Sakai City Hall.
It is a famous tumulus that is also listed in Japanese textbooks, so be sure to visit it.
I introduced it briefly, but when you actually come to the site, you can experience the history and tradition more concretely with the locals.
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